Jan 22, 2024

U.S. Pushes Israel-Hamas Solution Nobody Wants

Neither Israelis nor Palestinians will happily accept it.
U.S. Pushes Israel-Hamas Solution Nobody Wants

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Written by Jack Elbaum

What’s happening: The U.S., Egypt, and Qatar are reportedly pushing for the release of all hostages taken by Hamas in exchange for a withdrawal of Israeli forces from the Gaza Strip and an end to the war.

  • Then: This plan would restart Israel-Saudi Arabia normalization talks and, most importantly, begin the process of creating a Palestinian state through a negotiated two-state solution.

The issue: Hamas and most Palestinians do not want a two-state solution. Hamas’s charter reads: “Israel will exist and will continue to exist until Islam will obliterate it.” Polls show only 24 percent of Palestinians want a two-state solution — including just 16 percent of 15-25-year-olds.

  • The reason: Many Palestinians consider the land between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea — which includes Israel, the West Bank, and Gaza — “occupied” territory.

Why Israel is opposed: This deal would mean Israel loses the war. Israel’s war aims were clear: Destroy Hamas, remove them from power, and rescue all hostages. Any end to the war that leaves Hamas in power and their leaders alive — ready to attack Israel again — will be considered a defeat.

  • Behind the headlines: Such a plan may boost Hamas’s credibility among Palestinians. Hamas could claim that it was a massive terror attack — not collaboration with Israel — that led to the secession of land to the Palestinians.
  • Alternative: Since Hamas’s attacks, many Gazans have been displaced. Israel has since been working with surrounding Arab countries to welcome Palestinians.

At the same time: There is still no legitimate alternative to the two-state solution. Neither Israelis nor Palestinians are going to leave the land. It may take a generation until both peoples will be open to pursuing one again.

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